Malaria in Goa
Malaria is an infectious disease spread by mosquitoes, it affects humans and animals and is caused by a parasite called parasitic protozoans.
Malaria is Not a Major Threat in Goa Anymore
There are a large number of cases of malaria in India, approx 1.5 million cases reported annually by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) however, cases in Goa are very few and there has been a huge decline over the years.
Malaria is spread by the female Anopheles mosquito usually introducing the organism causing malaria into the bloodstream of a healthy person thereby infecting them. The Goa Government has made it a priority to take active measures to stifle the growth of mosquitos and to prevent the spread of malaria through strict public health policies.
Malaria in Goa in 2012
There were about 800-1000 cases of Malaria reported in 2012 itself showing that the number of malaria cases in Goa are on the decline. It is believed the major cause of malaria in Goa is poor hygiene in a poll conducted by the Navhind Times. The articles also states that there have been 47 death since 2007 due to malaria compared to over 600,000 annually worldwide.
Symptoms of Malaria
Signs of malaria are symptoms like fever or headache which if not taken seriously can lead to death. The symptoms usually appear after eight days and include shivering, joint pain, vomiting, hemolytic anemia, jaundice, hemoglobin in the urine, retinal damage and convulsions.
In most cases the main symptoms may pass off before getting the patient admitted however there are various tests that can determine whether the person suffers from malaria or not. Other noticeable symptoms are enlarged spleen, fever without localized signs but to properly confirm whether a person has malaria or not requires a blood test.
Malaria Can be Cured With the Right Treatment
Malaria can be prevented by protecting yourself from mosquito bites and preventing mosquitoes from breeding around the house or workplace. Once infected there are medications available to prevent malaria from turning serious. Several drugs used for the treatment of the disease can also be used to prevent it, especially while travelling to areas with a history of malaria. The treatment of the disease depends on the stage at which it was detected and can be dealt with there after. The World Health Organization has two categories for malaria patients, severe or uncomplicated. Uncomplicated malaria can be treated with oral medication eg pills, severe malaria requires the administration of antimalarial drugs through IV or injections.
Most Cases of Malaria in Goa Result in Complete Recovery
If patients get the proper treatment for a case of uncomplicated malaria they can expect a full recovery however severe malaria can progress rapidly, days to a few months causing it to advance or get worse even leading to death.